Uwe Wiedemann - firstname.lastname@example.org
Der griechische Philosoph
Anaximenes von Milet ist ein Vertreter der ionischen
Philosophie. Der Urgrund aller Dinge ist nach Anaximenes
von Milet (um 585 - 525 v. u. Z.) die Luft, also ein
bestimmtes, sinnlich gegebenes Element.
fl. c. 545 BC
Greek philosopher of nature and one of three thinkers of
Miletus traditionally considered to be the first philosophers
in the Western world. Of the other two, Thales held that water
is the basic building block of all matter, whereas Anaximander
chose to call the essential substance "the unlimited."
Anaximenes substituted aer ("mist," "vapour,"
"air") for his predecessors' choices.
assumption that aer is everlastingly in motion suggests
that he thought it also possessed life. Because it was
eternally alive, aer took on qualities of the divine
and became the cause of other gods as well as of all matter.
The same motion accounts for the shift from one physical state
of the aer to another. There is evidence that he made
the common analogy between the divine air that sustains the
universe and the human "air," or soul, that animates
people. Such a comparison between a macrocosm and a microcosm
would also permit him to maintain a unity behind diversity as
well as to reinforce the view of his contemporaries that there
is an overarching principle regulating all life and behaviour.
of Miletus, son of Eurystratus, was, according to Theophrastus,
an "associate" of Anaximander.
said, it appears, that he "flourished" about the
time of the fall of Sardis (546/5 B.C.), and died in 01.
LXIII. (528/525 B.C.). In other words, he was born when Thales
"flourished," and "flourished" when Thales
died, and this means that Apollodorus
had no definite information about his date. He perhaps made
him die in the sixty-third Olympiad because that gives just
three generations for the Milesian school. We cannot therefore
say anything positive as to his date, except that he must have
been younger than Anaximander.